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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 18. Health, Safety, and Housing
- Chapter 15. Disease Control and Threats to Public Health
- Section 300. Order For Blood Test; Disclosure of Results.
previous: Section 270
. Testing Procedures.
next: Section 310
. Testing; Test Results.
AS 18.15.300. Order For Blood Test; Disclosure of Results.
- (a) A defendant charged in a criminal complaint, indictment, presentment, or information filed with a magistrate or court
with a violation of AS 11.41.410
- 11.41.450 that includes sexual penetration as an
element of the offense, or a minor with respect to whom a petition has been filed in a juvenile court alleging a
violation of AS 11.41.410 - 11.41.450 that includes sexual penetration as an element
of the offense, may be ordered by a court having jurisdiction of the complaint, indictment, information, presentment,
or juvenile petition to submit to testing as provided in AS 18.15.300
- (b) An alleged victim listed in the complaint, indictment, information, presentment, or juvenile petition, the parent or
guardian of an alleged victim who is a minor or incompetent, or the prosecuting attorney on the behalf of an alleged
victim, may petition the court for an order authorized under this section.
- (c) Upon receipt of a petition filed under (b) of this section, the court shall determine if (1) probable cause exists to
believe that a crime for which a test may be ordered under (a) of this section has been committed, and (2) probable
cause exists to believe that sexual penetration took place between the defendant or minor and the alleged victim in an
act for which the defendant or minor is charged under (a) of this section. In making the determination, the court may
rely exclusively on the evidence presented at a grand jury proceeding or preliminary hearing.
- (d) If the court finds probable cause exists to believe that (1) a crime for which a test may be ordered under (a) of this
section has been committed, and (2) sexual penetration described in (c)(2) of this section took place, the court shall
order that the defendant or minor provide two specimens of blood for testing as provided in AS 18.15.300
- (e) Copies of the blood test results shall be provided to the defendant or minor, each requesting victim, the victim's
designee or, if the victim is a minor or incompetent, the victim's parents or legal guardian. If the defendant or minor
is being incarcerated or detained at the time of the blood test or thereafter, the blood test results shall be provided
to the officer in charge and the chief medical officer of the facility in which the defendant or minor is incarcerated
or detained, including an incarceration or detention ordered as a result of conviction or judgment of delinquency or
child in need of aid for an act for which the defendant or minor is charged under (a) of this section.
- (f) A court may not order a test under this section
- (1) before seven days after the defendant or minor's arrest;
- (2) after the entry of a disposition favorable to a defendant; or
- (3) if the defendant is convicted or adjudicated delinquent or in need of aid, after 90 days after the issuance of the
judgment and sentence or of the judgment in a juvenile action.
- (g) In this section,
- (1) "disposition favorable to the defendant" means an adjudication by a court other than a conviction, or if the defendant
is a minor not being prosecuted as an adult, that the minor is not adjudicated delinquent or a child in need of aid,
for an offense for which a blood test could be ordered under this section;
- (2) "sexual penetration" has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900
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