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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 18. Health, Safety, and Housing
- Chapter 15. Disease Control and Threats to Public Health
- Section 310. Testing; Test Results.
previous: Section 300
. Order For Blood Test; Disclosure of Results.
next: Section 320
. Cost of Performing Test; Reimbursement.
AS 18.15.310. Testing; Test Results.
- (a) The withdrawal of blood for a test under AS 18.15.300
- 18.15.320 shall be performed in a medically
approved manner. Only a physician or physician assistant licensed under AS 08.64, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or certified
emergency medical technician may withdraw blood specimens for the purposes of AS 18.15.300
- (b) The court shall order that the blood specimens withdrawn under AS 18.15.300 - 18.15.320 be transmitted to a licensed medical laboratory
and that tests be conducted on them for medically accepted indications of exposure to or infection by the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases for which medically approved testing is readily
and economically available as determined by the court.
- (c) Copies of test results that indicate exposure to or infection by HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases shall also
be transmitted to the department.
- (d) The test results shall be provided to the designated recipients with the following disclaimer:
"The tests were conducted in a medically approved manner but tests cannot determine exposure to or infection by HIV or
other sexually transmitted diseases with absolute accuracy. Persons receiving this test result should continue to
monitor their own health and should consult a physician as appropriate."
- (e) The court shall order all persons, other than the test subject, who receive test results under AS 18.15.300
- 18.15.320 to maintain the confidentiality of
personal identifying data relating to the test results except for disclosures by the victim, or if the victim is a
minor or incompetent by the victim's parents or legal guardian, as
- (1) is necessary to obtain medical or psychological care or advice or to ensure the health of the victim's spouse,
immediate family, persons occupying the same household as the victim, or a person in a dating, courtship, or engagement
relationship with the victim;
- (2) is necessary to pursue civil remedies against the test subject; or
- (3) otherwise permitted by the court.
- (f) The specimens and the results of tests ordered under AS 18.15.300
- 18.15.320 are not admissible evidence in a criminal
or juvenile proceeding.
- (g) A person performing testing, transmitting test results, or disclosing information under AS 18.15.300
- 18.15.320 is immune from civil liability for an act
or omission under authority of AS 18.15.300
- 18.15.320. However, this subsection does not
preclude liability for a grossly negligent or intentional violation of a provision of AS 18.15.300 - 18.15.320.
- (h) If the results of a blood test conducted under AS 18.15.300
indicate exposure to or infection by HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases for which testing was conducted, the
department shall provide (1) free counseling and free testing to a victim for HIV and other sexually transmitted
diseases reasonably communicable through the offense; and (2) counseling to the alleged perpetrator or defendant upon
request of the alleged perpetrator or defendant. The department shall provide referral to appropriate health care
facilities and support services at the request of the victim.
- (i) In this section,
- (1) "AIDS" means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or HIV symptomatic disease;
- (2) "counseling" means providing a person with information and explanations relating to AIDS and HIV that are medically
appropriate for that person, including all or part of the following:
- (A) accurate information regarding AIDS and HIV;
- (B) an explanation of behaviors that reduce the risk of transmitting AIDS and HIV;
- (C) an explanation of the confidentiality of information relating to AIDS diagnoses and HIV tests;
- (D) an explanation of information regarding both social and medical implications of HIV tests;
- (E) disclosure of commonly recognized treatment or treatments of AIDS and HIV;
- (3) "HIV" means the human immunodeficiency virus.
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