You can search the entire site. or go to the recent opinions, or the chronological or subject indices. Akpik v. State (06/24/2005) sp-5915
Notice: This opinion is subject to correction before publication in the Pacific Reporter. Readers are requested to bring errors to the attention of the Clerk of the Appellate Courts, 303 K Street, Anchorage, Alaska 99501, phone (907) 264-0608, fax (907) 264-0878, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. THE SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF ALASKA JOSEPH AKPIK, LYDIA ) SOVALIK, JOEB WOODS, and ) Supreme Court No. S-11078 ABRAHAM WOODS, ) ) Superior Court No. Appellants, ) 2BA-01-34 CI ) v. ) ) STATE OF ALASKA, OFFICE ) O P I N I O N OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET, ) DIVISION OF GOVERNMENTAL ) [No. 5915 - June 24, 2005] COORDINATION AND ALASKA ) COASTAL POLICY COUNCIL; and ) PHILLIPS ALASKA, INC., ) ) Appellees. ) ) Appeal from the Superior Court of the State of Alaska, Second Judicial District, Barrow, Ben Esch, Judge. Appearances: Nancy S. Wainwright, Law Offices of Nancy S. Wainwright, Anchorage, for Appellants. Bruce F. Anders, Assistant Attorney General, Anchorage, and Gregg D. Renkes, Attorney General, Juneau, for Appellee State of Alaska. Kevin D. Callahan, Patton Boggs LLP, Anchorage, for Appellee ConocoPhillips Alaska, Inc. Before: Bryner, Chief Justice, Matthews, Eastaugh, Fabe, and Carpeneti, Justices. BRYNER, Chief Justice. I. INTRODUCTION Joseph Akpik, Lydia Sovalik, Joeb Woods, and Abraham Woods (collectively Akpik) are landowners on the North Slope, near the village of Nuiqsut. Phillips Alaska requested that the Alaska Division of Governmental Coordination determine whether a proposed exploratory drilling project near Nuiqsut was consistent with the Alaska Coastal Management Program. The division gave public notice that it would accept comments regarding Phillipss proposed drilling project. Akpik attempted to submit comments after the deadline for comments passed; the division rejected these comments as untimely. The division then approved the Phillips project. Akpik appeals, arguing that the division failed to give proper public notice of the proposed drilling project and erred in determining that it was consistent with the coastal management plan. Because Phillips has now abandoned the project and because Akpik raises no important legal issues that are capable of avoiding future review, we hold that the case is moot. II. FACTS AND PROCEEDINGS In August 2000 Phillips Alaska1 applied to the Department of Natural Resources (the department) for a unit expansion in the Colville River Delta Unit area, near Akpiks land. The department gave public notice of the requested unit expansion and set a deadline for public comments. It received two sets of public comments on the proposed expansion, one from Akpik and the other from the North Slope Borough. Akpik expressed concern that the unit expansion would limit access to his land. After considering the comments, the department approved the unit expansion. Its decision noted that Phillips had also applied to other agencies for drilling permits and that there would be an opportunity for comments on those applications during the other agencies review process. Akpik appealed the departments unit- expansion decision; the Commissioner of Natural Resources affirmed the decision. Akpik did not appeal this ruling to the superior court. While the department considered the unit expansion, Phillips also applied to the Division of Governmental Coordination (the division) for a consistency review, under the Alaska Coastal Management Program, of a winter drilling exploration project that Phillips proposed in the expanded unit. The division gave public notice of the proposed drilling project and set December 19, 2000, as the public comments deadline for its consistency review. The division later suspended the comment deadline for a brief period when another agency requested supplemental information from Phillips; it then set the new comment deadline at January 8, 2001. Akpiks counsel contacted the division eight days after the comment deadline, requesting information about submitting comments on the drilling project. That same day, Akpiks counsel faxed a set of comments to the division from Akpik. Akpik submitted another set of comments the following week. The division rejected all of Akpiks comments as untimely. It then issued a final consistency determination approving the Phillips drilling project. During the winter drilling season of 2000-01, Phillips drilled one of five proposed wells and one sidetrack well, then plugged and abandoned the project. Meanwhile, Akpik appealed to the superior court the divisions decision to reject his comments. He argued that, because he had commented on the unit expansion, the Department of Natural Resources should have notified the Division of Governmental Coordination that he was interested in providing comments on all projects within the unit expansion. Akpik also argued that the division gave improper public notice of the drilling project and therefore erred in rejecting his comments. The superior court affirmed the divisions consistency determination. The court ruled that the departments decision to approve the unit expansion was the responsibility of a different agency operating under different regulations and therefore the department was not required to notify the division of Akpiks interest. The superior court also ruled that the division gave adequate public notice of the comment deadline, and thus properly rejected Akpiks comments as untimely. Finally, the court declared that any issue regarding the divisions consistency determination was moot because Phillips had completed and abandoned the project in 2001. Akpik appeals. III. STANDARD OF REVIEW We apply our independent judgment in determining mootness because, as a matter of judicial policy, mootness is a question of law.2 IV. DISCUSSION Akpiks challenges fall into two categories. First, Akpik argues that the department should not have approved the unit expansion without first determining whether it was consistent with Alaskas coastal management program. Second, he contends that the division failed to provide proper notice of the comment period and thereby prevented him from commenting on the drilling project. According to Akpik, this flaw invalidates the divisions consistency determination. A. The Unit Expansion Akpik argues that because the departments decision to approve the unit expansion noted that there were direct environmental and other impacts to the coastal zone, the department was required to determine whether the unit expansion was consistent with the Alaska Coastal Management Program. Alternatively, Akpik argues, the division was required to determine whether the unit expansion was consistent with the ACMP before it approved the Phillips drilling project; its failure to do so amounted to improperly phasing the unit expansion. Akpiks arguments lack merit. Under Alaska law, the department rather than the division is the agency that must approve a unit expansion.3 Here, the department gave public notice regarding the unit expansion in August 2000. Akpik submitted comments, and the department approved the unit expansion in November 2000. Akpik failed to appeal that decision to the superior court. He then belatedly attempted to challenge the departments decision in his appeal from the divisions consistency determination on the Phillips drilling project. Because the division was not responsible for approving the unit expansion or determining whether the expansion was consistent with the ACMP, Akpik challenged the unit expansion in the wrong appeal. By not appealing the departments decision, Akpik waived his right to challenge the unit expansion. B. The Phillips Drilling Project Akpik next argues that the division did not properly notify the public of the drilling project, so it erred in rejecting his comments. He asserts that the notice should have been published in the Arctic Sounder instead of the Anchorage Daily News and the Fairbanks News-Miner because the Arctic Sounder is a newspaper of general circulation in Nuiqsut,4 whereas the Daily News and the News-Miner are not. Akpik also argues that the division was required to place the notice in three public places in Nuiqsut, and was required to give public notice again after it suspended and then reinstated the comment deadline. Last, Akpik challenges the divisions final decision that the drilling project was consistent with the ACMP, asserting that the division failed to take a hard look at the whole project and improperly allowed the use of general concurrences. Phillips responds that these issues are now moot because the project is completed and the permits have long since expired. We will generally refrain from deciding questions where the facts have rendered the legal issues moot.5 A claim is moot if it has lost its character as a present, live controversy.6 Because Phillips completed the drilling in 2001, and then plugged and abandoned its well, no relief can be granted to reverse the divisions decision to allow the Phillips drilling project in 2000- 01. Akpik argues that Phillips may still drill the remaining wells approved by the division. But the division limited the term of the project to the 2000-01 winter drilling season by requiring that any wells drilled be completed by April 1[, 2001]. The period of the divisions approval has thus expired and the issues raised by Akpik are moot. Even when a case is moot, we may address certain issues if they fall within the public interest exception to the mootness doctrine. Akpik argues that the public interest exception applies in this case. The exception consists of three factors: (1) whether the disputed issues are capable of repetition, (2) whether the mootness doctrine, if applied, may cause review of the issues to be repeatedly circumvented, and (3) whether the issues presented are so important to the public interest as to justify overriding the mootness doctrine.7 Akpik argues that several of the issues he raises are capable of repetition and might repeatedly circumvent review if they are not addressed here. First he points to the issue whether the department should have conducted a consistency review of the unit expansion, arguing that the department will continue to approve unit expansions without determining whether they are consistent with the Alaska Coastal Management Program. But as we noted above, Akpik failed to appeal the departments decision on the unit expansion and cannot properly raise this issue in proceedings arising from the divisions consistency decision. Akpik next points to his contention that the division failed to give proper public notice of the drilling project. He contends that the division might continue to publish its notifications in newspapers that are not of general circulation in Nuiqsut or fail to provide local notice in Nuiqsut. Akpik also contends that the divisions practice of suspending and re- starting public comment periods without new public notice will repeatedly evade review because exploratory drilling projects are very short in duration, and thus will generally be completed before a court can rule on the issue. But as we noted in Fairbanks Fire Fighters Assn v. City of Fairbanks, we have refused to apply the public interest exception to unusual factual circumstances that were unlikely to repeat themselves or situations where the applicable statute or regulation was no longer in force . . . .8 The Alaska Statutes have been amended to give the department, not the division, authority over consistency reviews.9 As a result, the regulations that governed the divisions consistency determinations have been repealed.10 And the department has adopted its own regulations governing consistency determinations.11 We see no sound basis for concluding that the specific issues disputed here are likely to recur in future cases. Because the public interest exception does not apply in these circumstances, we conclude that Akpiks appeal is moot. V. CONCLUSION For these reasons, we AFFIRM the superior courts decision. _______________________________ 1 Phillips Alaska is now known as ConocoPhillips Alaska, Inc. 2 Ulmer v. Alaska Restaurant & Beverage Assn, 33 P.3d 773, 776 (Alaska 2001). 3 See AS 38.05.180(p) which provides in relevant part: To conserve the natural resources of all or a part of an oil or gas pool, field, or like area, the lessees and their representatives may unite with each other, or jointly or separately with others, in collectively adopting or operating under a cooperative or a unit plan of development or operation of the pool, field, or like area, or a part of it, when determined and certified by the commissioner to be necessary or advisable in the public interest. (Emphasis added.) 4 See City of St. Marys v. St. Marys Native Corp., 9 P.3d 1002, 1011 (Alaska 2000) (noting that a newspaper is one of general circulation in a community when it contains news of general interest to the community and reaches a diverse readership ) (quoting Moore v. State, 553 P.2d 8, 21 (Alaska 1976)). 5 OCallaghan v. State, 920 P.2d 1387, 1388 (Alaska 1996) (quoting Hayes v. Charney, 693 P.2d 831, 839 (Alaska 1985)). 6 Kodiak Seafood Processors Assn v. State, 900 P.2d 1191, 1195 (Alaska 1995). 7 Id. at 1196. 8 48 P.3d 1165, 1168 (Alaska 2002). 9 See AS 46.39.010, AS 46.39.096. 10 Alaska Reg. 170, pt. 2, July 2004 13-20 (repealing 6 AAC 50). 11 Alaska Reg. 170, pt. 2, July 2004 71-176 (adopting 11 AAC 110, 112, and 114).