- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 47. Welfare, Social Services and Institutions
- Chapter 10. Children in Need of Aid
- Section 141. Runaway and Missing Minors.
previous: Section 140
. Temporary Detention and Detention Hearing. [Repealed, Sec. 55 Ch 59 SLA 1996. For Current Law, See AS 47.12.250
next: Section 142
. Emergency Custody and Temporary Placement Hearing.
AS 47.10.141. Runaway and Missing Minors.
- (a) Upon receiving a written, telephonic, or other request to locate a minor evading the minor's legal custodian or to
locate a minor otherwise missing, a law enforcement agency shall make reasonable efforts to locate the minor and shall
immediately complete a missing person's report containing information necessary for the identification of the minor.
As soon as practicable, but not later than 24 hours after completing the report, the agency shall transmit the report
for entry into the Alaska Public Safety Information Network and the National Crime Information Center computer system.
The report shall also be submitted to the missing persons information clearinghouse under AS 18.65.620
. As soon as practicable, but not later than 24 hours after the agency learns that the minor has been located, it shall
request that the Department of Public Safety and the Federal Bureau of Investigation remove the information from the
- (b) A peace officer shall take into protective custody a minor described in (a) of this section if the minor is not
otherwise subject to arrest or detention. Unless (c) of this section applies, when a peace officer takes a minor into
protective custody under this subsection,
- (1) the peace officer shall
- (A) return the minor to the minor's parent or guardian at the parent's or guardian's residence if the residence is in the
same community where the minor was found and if the minor's parent or guardian consents to the return, except that the
officer may not use this option if the officer has reasonable cause to believe that the minor has experienced physical
or sexual abuse in the parent's or guardian's household;
- (B) take the minor to a nearby location agreed to by the minor's parent or guardian if the parent or guardian does not
consent to return of the minor under (A) of this paragraph and the officer does not have reasonable cause to believe
that the minor has experienced physical or sexual abuse in the parent's or guardian's household; or
- (C) if disposition of the minor is not made under (A) or (B) of this paragraph, take the minor to
- (i) an office specified by the Department of Health and Social Services;
- (ii) a program for runaway minors licensed by the department under AS 47.10.310
- (iii) a shelter for runaways that has a permit from the department under AS 47.32 that agrees to shelter the minor;
- (iv) a facility or contract agency of the department; or
- (v) another suitable location and promptly notify the department if an office specified by the department, a licensed
program for runaway minors, a shelter for runaways that will accept the minor, or a facility or contract agency of the
department does not exist in the community;
- (2) if the peace officer plans to take the minor to an office, program, shelter, or facility under (1)(C) of this
subsection, the peace officer shall give the highest priority to taking the minor to an office, program, shelter, or
facility that is semi-secure;
- (3) a minor under protective custody may not be housed in a jail or other detention facility but may be housed in a
semi-secure portion of an office, program, shelter, or other facility under (1)(C) of this subsection;
- (4) the peace officer, immediately upon taking a minor into protective custody, shall
- (A) advise the minor of available mediation services and of the right to social services under AS 47.10.142
- (B) if the identity of the minor's parent or guardian is known, advise the minor's parent or guardian that the minor has
been taken into protective custody and that counseling services for the minor's parent or guardian and the minor's
household may be available under AS 47.10.142(b).
- (c) A minor may be taken into emergency protective custody by a peace officer and placed into temporary detention in a
juvenile detention home in the local community if there has been an order issued by a court under a finding of probable
cause that (1) the minor is a runaway in wilful violation of a valid court order issued under AS 47.10.080(c)(1), 47.10.142(f), AS 47.12.120
(b)(1) or (3), or 47.12.250(d), (2) the minor's
current situation poses a severe and imminent risk to the minor's life or safety, and (3) no reasonable placement
alternative exists within the community. A minor detained under this subsection shall be brought before a court on the
day the minor is detained, or if that is not possible, within 24 hours after the detention for a hearing to determine
the most appropriate placement in the best interests of the minor. A minor taken into emergency protective custody
under this subsection may not be detained for more than 24 hours, except as provided under AS 47.12.250
. Emergency protective custody may not include placement of a minor in a jail or secure facility other than a juvenile
detention home, nor may an order for protective custody be enforced against a minor who is residing in a licensed
program for runaway minors, as defined in AS 47.10.390
- (d) If, after investigation of a report of a missing minor, a law enforcement agency has reason to believe that the minor
is involuntarily absent from the custody of a custodial parent or guardian, the department shall notify the Bureau of
Vital Statistics of the disappearance and shall provide the bureau with a description of the minor. The description of
the minor must include, if known, the minor's full name, date and place of birth, parent's names, and mother's maiden
name. If the Department of Public Safety has reason to believe that the minor, whether born in this state or not, has
been enrolled in a specific school or school district in the state, the department shall also notify the last known
school or school district attended in the state by the missing minor of the disappearance. When a person who was listed
as a missing minor is found, the Department of Public Safety shall notify the Bureau of Vital Statistics and any school
or school district previously informed of the person's disappearance.
- (e) In the absence of gross negligence or intentional misconduct, an office, program, shelter, or facility, or an employee
of an office, program, shelter, or facility, to which a minor is taken by a peace officer for semi-secure custody is
not subject to civil or criminal liability based on the minor's leaving the office, program, shelter, or facility
without permission unless the office, program, shelter, or facility is not in compliance with the department's
regulations that set standards for semi-security and the lack of compliance was a material factor in the minor's being
able to leave without permission.
- (f) If a child, without permission, leaves the semi-secure portion of an office, program, shelter, or facility to which
the child was taken by a peace officer under (b)(1)(C) of this section, the office, program, shelter, or facility shall
immediately notify the department and the nearest law enforcement agency of the identity of the child and the child's
absence. If the same child is again taken into protective custody under (b) of this section and the peace officer knows
that the child has previously been reported under this subsection as missing from a semi-secure placement, the peace
officer, in addition to taking the appropriate action under (b) of this section, shall report the circumstances and the
identity of the child to the department. Within 48 hours after receiving this report, the department shall determine
whether to file a petition alleging that the child is a child in need of aid under AS 47.10.011
. If the department decides not to file a petition alleging that the child is a child in need of aid, the department
shall, within seven state working days after receiving the report from the peace officer under this subsection, send to
the child's parents or guardian, as applicable, written notice of its determination not to proceed with the petition,
including the reasons on which the determination was based. If the department is unable to obtain a reasonably reliable
address for a parent or guardian, the department shall keep a copy of the notice on file and, notwithstanding AS 47.10.093
, release the notice to the child's parent or guardian on request of the parent or guardian. If the department files a
petition alleging that the child is a child in need of aid, the court shall proceed under AS 47.10.142
- (g) If the department files a petition alleging the child is a child in need of aid under AS 47.10.011
(5) because the child is habitually absent from home or refuses available care, the child's parent or guardian shall
attend each hearing held during the child-in-need-of-aid proceedings unless the court excuses the parent or guardian
from attendance for good cause. If the child is found to be a child in need of aid, the court may order that the
- (1) child participate in treatment;
- (2) parent or guardian personally participate in treatment reasonably available in the parent or guardian's community as
specified in a plan set out in the court order; and
- (3) child and the parent or guardian comply with other conditions set out in the court order.
- (h) If the court orders a minor's parent or guardian to participate in the treatment under (g) of this section, the court
may also order the parent or guardian to use available insurance or another resource to cover the treatment, or to pay
for the treatment if other coverage is unavailable.
- (i) If the parent or guardian fails to attend a hearing as required by the court under (g) of this section, the hearing
shall proceed without the presence of the parent.
- (j) In this section,
- (1) "law enforcement agency" has the meaning given in AS 12.36.090
- (2) "semi-secure" means operated according to standards that may be established by the department in regulations that are
designed to require a level of security that will reasonably ensure that, if a minor leaves without permission, the
minor's act of leaving will be immediately noticed.
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