- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 47. Welfare, Social Services and Institutions
- Chapter 10. Children in Need of Aid
- Section 80. Judgments and Orders.
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AS 47.10.080. Judgments and Orders.
- (a) An adjudication hearing shall be completed within 120 days after a finding of probable cause is entered unless the
court finds good cause to continue the hearing. When determining whether to grant a continuance for good cause, the
court shall take into consideration the age of the child and the potential adverse effect that the delay may have on
the child. The court, at the conclusion of the hearing, as the circumstances of the case may require, shall find and
enter a judgment that the child is or is not a child in need of aid.
- (b) [Repealed, Sec. 55 ch 59 SLA 1996].
- (c) If the court finds that the child is a child in need of aid, the court shall
- (1) order the child committed to the department for placement in an appropriate setting for a period of time not to exceed
two years or in any event not to extend past the date the child becomes 19 years of age, except that the department or the child's
guardian ad litem may petition for and the court may grant in a hearing
- (A) one-year extensions of commitment that do not extend beyond the child's 19th birthday if the extension is in the best
interests of the child; and
- (B) an additional one-year period of state custody past 19 years of age if the continued state custody is in the best interests of
the person and the person consents to it;
- (2) order the child released to a parent, adult family member, or guardian of the child or to another suitable person, and, in
appropriate cases, order the parent, adult family member, guardian, or other person to provide medical or other care and
treatment; if the court releases the child, it shall direct the department to supervise the care and treatment given to
the child, but the court may dispense with the department's supervision if the court finds that the adult to whom the
child is released will adequately care for the child without supervision; the department's supervision may not exceed
two years or in any event extend past the date the child reaches 19 years of age, except that the department or the child's
guardian ad litem may petition for and the court may grant in a hearing
- (A) one-year extensions of supervision that do not extend beyond the child's 19th birthday if the extensions are in the
best interests of the child; and
- (B) an additional one-year period of supervision past 19 years of age if the continued supervision is in the best interests of the
person and the person consents to it; or
- (3) order, under the grounds specified in (o) of this section or AS 47.10.088, the termination of parental rights and
responsibilities of one or both parents and commit the child to the custody of the department, and the department shall
report quarterly to the court on efforts being made to find a permanent placement for the child.
- (d) An order issued under (c)(3) of this section authorizes the commissioner of health and social services or a designee
or the guardian of the person of the child to consent to the adoption of the child.
- (e) If the court finds that the minor is not a child in need of aid, it shall immediately order the minor released from
the department's custody and returned to the minor's parents, guardian, or custodian, and dismiss the case.
- (f) A child found to be a child in need of aid is a ward of the state while committed to the department or the department
has the power to supervise the child's actions. For an order made under (c)(1) of this section, the court shall hold a
permanency hearing as required by ( l ) of this section and at least annually thereafter during the continuation of
foster care to determine if continued placement, as it is being provided, is in the best interest of the child. The
department, the child, and the child's parents, guardian, and guardian ad litem are entitled, when good cause is shown,
to a permanency hearing on application. If the application is granted, the court shall afford these persons and their
counsel reasonable advance notice and hold a permanency hearing where these persons and their counsel shall be afforded
an opportunity to be heard. The persons entitled to notice under AS 47.10.030
(b) and the grandparents entitled to notice under AS 47.10.030(d) are entitled to notice of a permanency
hearing under this subsection and are also entitled to be heard at the hearing. The child shall be afforded the
opportunity to be present and to be heard at the permanency hearing. After the permanency hearing, the court shall make
the written findings that are required under (l) of this section. The court shall review an order made under (c)(2) of
this section at least annually to determine if continued supervision, as it is being provided, is in the best interest
of the child; this review is not considered to be a permanency hearing and is not governed by the provisions of this
subsection that relate to permanency hearings.
- (g) [Repealed, Sec. 55 ch 59 SLA 1996].
- (h) [Repealed, Sec. 55 ch 59 SLA 1996].
- (i) A child or the child's parents, guardian, or guardian ad litem, or attorney, acting on the child's behalf, or the
department may appeal a judgment or order, or the stay, modification, setting aside, revocation, or enlargement of a
judgment or order issued by the court under this chapter. Absent extraordinary circumstances, a decision on the appeal
shall be issued no later than 90 days after the latest of the following:
- (1) the date oral argument, if any, is heard on the appeal; or
- (2) 45 days after the last date oral argument could have been timely requested if oral argument was not requested.
- (j) [Repealed, Sec. 29 ch 63 SLA 1977].
- (k) [Repealed, Sec. 69 ch 99 SLA 1998].
- (l) Within 12 months after the date a child enters foster care as calculated under AS 47.10.088
(f), the court shall hold a permanency hearing. The hearing and permanent plan developed in the hearing are governed by
the following provisions:
- (1) the persons entitled to be heard under AS 47.10.070
or under (f) of this section are also entitled to be heard at the hearing held under this subsection;
- (2) when establishing the permanent plan for the child, the court shall make appropriate written findings, including
findings related to whether
- (A) and when the child should be returned to the parent or guardian;
- (B) the child should be placed for adoption or legal guardianship and whether a petition for termination of parental
rights should be filed by the department; and
- (C) the child should be placed in another planned, permanent living arrangement and what steps are necessary to achieve
the new arrangement;
- (3) if the court is unable to make a finding required under (2) of this subsection, the court shall hold another hearing
within a reasonable period of time;
- (4) in addition to the findings required by (2) of this subsection, the court shall also make appropriate written findings
- (A) whether the department has made the reasonable efforts required under AS 47.10.086
to offer appropriate family support services to remedy the parent's or guardian's conduct or conditions in the home
that made the child a child in need of aid under this chapter;
- (B) whether the parent or guardian has made substantial progress to remedy the parent's or guardian's conduct or
conditions in the home that made the child a child in need of aid under this chapter;
- (C) if the permanent plan is for the child to remain in out-of-home-care, whether the child's out-of-home placement
continues to be appropriate and in the best interests of the child; and
- (D) whether the department has made reasonable efforts to finalize the permanent plan for the child;
- (5) the court shall hold a hearing to review the permanent plan at least annually until successful implementation of the
plan; if the plan approved by the court changes after the hearing, the department shall promptly apply to the court for
another permanency hearing, and the court shall conduct the hearing within 30 days after application by the department.
- (m) [Repealed, Sec. 74 ch 35 SLA 2003].
- (n) [Repealed, Sec. 74 ch 35 SLA 2003].
- (o) For purposes of terminating a parent's parental rights under the standards in (c)(3) of this section, the court may
determine that incarceration of the parent is sufficient grounds for determining that a child is a child in need of aid
under AS 47.10.011
as a result of parental conduct and that the parental rights of the incarcerated parent should be terminated if the
court finds, based on clear and convincing evidence, that
- (1) the period of incarceration that the parent is scheduled to serve during the child's minority is significant
considering the child's age and the child's need for an adult's care and supervision;
- (2) there is not another parent willing and able to care for the child; and
- (3) the incarcerated parent has failed to make adequate provisions for care of the child during the period of
incarceration that will be during the child's minority.
- (p) If a child is removed from the parental home, the department shall provide reasonable visitation
between the child and the child's parents, guardian, and family. When determining what constitutes reasonable visitation
with a family member, the department shall consider the nature and quality of the relationship that existed between the
child and the family member before the child was committed to the custody of the department. The court may require the
department to file a visitation plan with the court. The department may deny visitation to the parents, guardian, or family
members if there is clear and convincing evidence that visits are not in the child's best interests. If the department
denies visitation to a parent or family member of a child, the department shall inform the parent or family member of a
reason for the denial and of the parent's or adult family member's right to request a review hearing as an interested
person. A parent, adult family member, or guardian who is denied visitation may request a review hearing. A non-party adult
family member requesting a review hearing under this subsection is not eligible for publicly appointed legal counsel.
- (q) If the court orders a child committed to the department under (c) of this section and the department places the child
in licensed foster care, the department shall
- (1) provide the foster parent with a copy of
- (A) appropriate information held by the department regarding the child to the extent required by AS 47.12.310
- (B) all initial, updated, and revised case service plans for the child, court orders relating to the child, and the
child's medical, mental, and education reports prepared by or for the department, including reports compiled before the
child was placed with the foster parent; and
- (C) supplements to the plans, orders, and reports described in (B) of this paragraph;
- (2) require the foster parent to
- (A) maintain and update records regarding medical, mental, educational, and behavioral services provided to the child;
- (B) provide all records described in (A) of this paragraph to the department when the child leaves the foster home
- (C) maintain the confidentiality of records regarding a child placed in the foster home except when disclosure of the
records is allowed under regulations of the department or when disclosure is reasonably necessary to ensure
continuation of care for the child through appropriate medical, mental, educational, and behavioral services.
- (r) If the court orders a child committed to the department under (c) of this section, the court shall order the child's
parent or guardian to provide the department with
- (1) the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all of the child's medical providers;
- (2) the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of mental health providers that have provided services to the child;
- (3) the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of schools, preschools, or day care facilities that the child was
attending before the child was committed to the department;
- (4) a description of special needs of the child, if any; and
- (5) the names and locations of relatives who may be willing to have the child placed in their home.
- (s) The department may transfer a child, in the child's best interests, from one placement setting to another, and the
child, the child's parents or guardian, the child's foster parents or out-of-home caregiver, the child's guardian ad
litem, the child's attorney, and the child's tribe are entitled to advance notice of a nonemergency transfer. A party
opposed to the proposed transfer may request a hearing and must prove by clear and convincing evidence that the
transfer would be contrary to the best interests of the child for the court to deny the transfer. A foster parent or
out-of-home caregiver who requests a nonemergency change in placement of the child shall provide the department with
reasonable advance notice of the requested change.
- (t) For a child who is placed in foster care, when the department finds that it is in the best
interest of a child and that the foster family will not be placed in undue risk of harm, the department shall require
foster parents to provide regular opportunities for visitation with the child by the parents of the child and encourage
foster parents to serve as mentors for facilitating family reunification.
- (u) A hearing conducted under this section is open to the public unless an exception provided in AS 47.10.070 (c) applies to make the hearing closed to the public
or unless prohibited by federal or state statute or regulation.
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