- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 47. Welfare, Social Services and Institutions
- Chapter 10. Children in Need of Aid
- Section 89. Voluntary Relinquishment of Parental Rights and Responsibilities.
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AS 47.10.089. Voluntary Relinquishment of Parental Rights and Responsibilities.
- (a) When a child is committed to the custody of the department under AS 47.10.080 (c)(1) or (3) or released under AS 47.10.080 (c)(2), the rights of a parent with respect to the
child, including parental rights to control the child, to withhold consent to an adoption, or to receive notice of a
hearing on a petition for adoption, may be voluntarily relinquished to the department and the relationship of parent and
child terminated in a proceeding as provided under this section.
- (b) A voluntary relinquishment must be in writing and signed by a parent, regardless of the age of
the parent, in the presence of a representative of the department or in the presence of a court of competent jurisdiction
with the knowledge and approval of the department. A copy of the signed relinquishment shall be given to the parent.
- (c) A voluntary relinquishment may be withdrawn within 10 days after it is signed. The
relinquishment is invalid unless the relinquishment contains the right of withdrawal as specified under this subsection.
- (d) A parent may retain privileges with respect to the child, including the ability to have future
contact, communication, and visitation with the child in a voluntary relinquishment executed under this section. A retained
privilege must be in writing and stated with specificity.
- (e) Not less than 10 days after a voluntary relinquishment is signed, the court shall enter an
order terminating parental rights if the court determines that termination of parental rights under the terms of the
relinquishment is in the child's best interest. If a parent has retained one or more privileges under (d) of this section,
the court shall incorporate the retained privileges in the termination order with a recommendation that the retained
privileges be incorporated in an adoption or legal guardianship decree.
- (f) A voluntary relinquishment may not be withdrawn and a termination order may not be vacated on
the ground that a retained privilege has been withheld from the relinquishing parent or that the relinquishing parent has
been unable, for any reason, to act on a retained privilege, except as provided in Rule 60(b), Alaska Rules of Civil
- (g) After a termination order is entered, a person who has voluntarily relinquished parental rights
under this section may request a review hearing, upon a showing of good cause, to seek enforcement or modification of or to
vacate a privilege retained in the termination order. The court may modify, enforce, or vacate the retained privilege if the
court finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that it is in the best interest of the child to do so.
- (h) After a termination order is entered and before the entry of an adoption or legal guardianship
decree, a person who voluntarily relinquished parental rights to a child under this section may request a review hearing,
upon a showing of good cause, to vacate the termination order and reinstate parental rights relating to that child. A court
shall vacate a termination order if the person shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that reinstatement of parental
rights is in the best interest of the child and that the person is rehabilitated and capable of providing the care and
guidance that will serve the moral, emotional, mental, and physical welfare of the child.
- (i) A person who relinquished parental rights is entitled to the appointment of an attorney if a
hearing is requested under (g), (h), or (j) of this section to the same extent as if the parent's rights had not been
terminated in a child-in-need-of-aid proceeding.
- (j) After a termination order is entered and before the entry of an adoption or legal guardianship
decree, a prospective adoptive parent or a guardian of a child who is the subject of the adoption or guardianship decree
may request, after providing notice as specified under this subsection, that the court decline to incorporate a privilege
retained in a termination order and recommended for incorporation in an adoption or guardianship decree under (e) of this
section. The request made under this subsection may only be considered by the court after providing at least 20 days'
notice by certified mail to the last known address of the person who has voluntarily relinquished parental rights to the
child. The notice under this subsection must describe the request and explain that the recipient of the notice may submit a
written statement under penalty of perjury to the court that the recipient either agrees with or opposes the request. The
notice must also include the deadline for submitting the statement and the mailing address of the court. The court may
decline to incorporate a retained privilege if the person who retained the privilege agrees with the request or if the
court finds that it is in the child's best interest.
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