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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 12. Code of Criminal Procedure
- Chapter 55. Sentencing and Probation
- Section 36. Day Fines.
previous: Section 35
next: Section 39
AS 12.55.036. Day Fines.
- (a) Upon conviction of a misdemeanor, other than a violation of AS 11.41 and AS 11.56.740
, a defendant may be sentenced to pay a day fine as authorized by this section. If a day fine is imposed under this
section, the defendant may not be sentenced to pay a fine under AS 12.55.035, serve a term of imprisonment, or be placed on
- (b) The Alaska Supreme Court shall adopt a day fine plan that includes
- (1) an assessment of the gravity of all misdemeanor offenses, which assessment must include the existence of prior
offenses, and the assignment of presumptive penalties to them in day fine units within the following ranges:
- (A) for class A and unclassified misdemeanors, not to exceed 365-day fine units;
- (B) for class B misdemeanors, not to exceed 90-day fine units;
- (2) a schedule of the presumptive day fine penalties;
- (3) procedures for a court to increase or decrease the presumptive day fine penalties if the court finds the existence of
an aggravating factor under AS 12.55.155
(c) or a mitigating factor under AS 12.55.155(d);
- (4) a table for the conversion of a defendant's actual, potential, or estimated gross income, less one-third for a
defendant above the federal poverty guideline as determined by the United States Department of Health and Human
Services, and less one-half for a defendant below the federal poverty guideline into net daily income amounts; the
table must include adjustments for the number of dependents actually supported by the defendant;
- (5) procedures for a court to gather information about the defendant's occupation, actual, estimated, and potential
income, number of dependents, and other facts necessary or relevant to sentencing a person to a day fine; a court may
order the production of the financial or other records of a person it determines to be relevant to a determination
under this section; the procedures must include a requirement that the facts shall be received
- (A) under oath so that the defendant is subject to prosecution under AS 11.56.200
- (B) in a writing or recording that bears notice that false statements made in it are punishable under AS 11.56.210
- (6) other information the court determines to be necessary for implementing the day fine plan.
- (c) The amount of a day fine shall be the product of the net daily income of the defendant, adjusted for the number of
dependents actually supported by the defendant, times the day fine penalty. When imposing a sentence of a day fine, the
- (1) state on the record the
- (A) presumptive day fine penalty for the offense, and whether the court is adjusting the presumptive day fine penalty for
the existence of aggravating or mitigating factors;
- (B) net daily income of the income of the defendant, adjusted for the number of dependents actually supported by the
- (C) amount of the day fine;
- (2) make written findings of the facts considered in
- (A) finding the existence of aggravating or mitigating factors and in assigning a value to those factors; and
- (B) determining the defendant's gross and daily net incomes.
- (d) When imposing a sentence of a day fine, the court may permit the payment of the day fine in specified installments or
within a certain period of time, provided the entire day fine is paid within 180 days of imposition.
- (e) A sentence imposing a day fine shall be considered a civil judgment for the day fine. The Department of Law shall
enforce the judgment and may utilize any procedure available for the enforcement of civil judgments. If the Department
of Law uses the civil process of the court to enforce or collect a day fine, the department shall be awarded costs and
- (f) [Repealed, Sec. 7 ch 79 SLA 1994].
- (g) Money collected under this section shall be deposited into the general fund and separately accounted for under AS 37.05.142
. The annual estimated balance in the account maintained under AS 37.05.142
for day fines collected under this section may be appropriated by the legislature as follows: (1) 25 percent of the
annual estimated balance for grants and claims paid by the Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault; (2) 25
percent of the annual estimated balance for grants and claims paid by the Violent Crimes Compensation Board; and (3)
the balance for any lawful purpose. Nothing in this subsection creates a dedicated fund.
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