- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 47. Welfare, Social Services and Institutions
- Chapter 20. Special Services For Certain Children
- Section 290. Definitions.
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AS 47.20.290. Definitions.
In AS 47.20.060 - 47.20.290,
- (1) "additional early intervention services" means
- (A) family training and counseling;
- (B) speech pathology and audiology;
- (C) occupational therapy;
- (D) physical therapy;
- (E) psychological services;
- (F) medical services only for diagnostic or evaluation purposes; and
- (G) health services for the child that are necessary to enable the child to benefit from the other early intervention
- (2) "core early intervention services" means
- (A) case management services;
- (B) special instruction; and
- (C) early identification, screening, and assessment;
- (3) "department" means the Department of Health and Social Services;
- (4) "developmentally delayed" means functioning at least 15 percent below a chronological or corrected age or 1.5 standard
deviations below age appropriate norms in one or more of the following areas: cognitive development, gross motor
development, sensory development, speech or language development, or psychosocial development, including self-help
skills and behavior, as measured and verified by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures or through
systematic observation of functional abilities in a daily routine by two professionals and a parent, developmental
history, and appropriate assessment procedures;
- (5) "disability" means having an identifiable physical, mental, sensory, or psychosocial condition that has a probability
of resulting in developmental delay even though a developmental delay may not be exhibited at the time the condition is
- (A) chromosomal abnormalities associated with delays in development, such as Down's syndrome, Turner's syndrome, Cornelia
de Lange syndrome, or fragile X syndrome;
- (B) other syndromes and conditions associated with delays in development, such as fetal alcohol syndrome, cocaine and
other drug-related syndromes, metabolic disorders, cleft lip, or cleft palate;
- (C) neurological disorders associated with delays in development, such as cerebral palsy, microcephaly, hydrocephaly,
spina bifida, or periventricular leukomalacia;
- (D) sensory impairment, such as hearing loss or deafness, visual loss or blindness, or a combination of hearing and visual
loss, that interferes with the child's ability to respond effectively to environmental stimulus;
- (E) congenital infections, such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome;
- (F) chronic illness or conditions that may limit learning or development, such as cystic fibrosis, bronchopulmonary
dysplasia, tracheostomies, amputations, arthritis, or muscular dystrophy;
- (G) psychosocial disorders, such as reactive attachment disorder, infant autism, or childhood schizophrenia; or
- (H) atypical growth patterns consistent with a prognosis of developmental delay based upon parental and professional
judgment, such as failure to thrive;
- (6) "early intervention services" or "services" means services that are designed to help meet the developmental needs of a
child under the age of three who is developmentally delayed or disabled or at risk of developmental delay or disability
or the needs of the child's family so that the family can support the child's development.
Article 02. NEWBORN AND INFANT HEARING SCREENING, TRACKING, AND INTERVENTION PROGRAM
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