- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 47. Welfare, Social Services and Institutions
- Chapter 17. Child Protection
- Section 20. Persons Required to Report.
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AS 47.17.020. Persons Required to Report.
- (a) The following persons who, in the performance of their occupational duties, or with respect to (8) of this subsection,
in the performance of their appointed duties, have reasonable cause to suspect that a child has suffered harm as a
result of child abuse or neglect shall immediately report the harm to the nearest office of the department:
- (1) practitioners of the healing arts;
- (2) school teachers and school administrative staff members of public and private schools;
- (3) peace officers and officers of the Department of Corrections;
- (4) administrative officers of institutions;
- (5) child care providers;
- (6) paid employees of domestic violence and sexual assault programs, and crisis intervention and prevention programs as
defined in AS 18.66.990;
- (7) paid employees of an organization that provides counseling or treatment to individuals seeking to control their use of
drugs or alcohol;
- (8) members of a child fatality review team established under AS 12.65.015(e) or 12.65.120 or the multidisciplinary child protection team
created under AS 47.14.300
- (b) This section does not prohibit the named persons from reporting cases that have come to their attention in their
nonoccupational capacities, nor does it prohibit any other person from reporting a child's harm that the person has
reasonable cause to suspect is a result of child abuse or neglect. These reports shall be made to the nearest office of
- (c) If the person making a report of harm under this section cannot reasonably contact the nearest office of the
department and immediate action is necessary for the well-being of the child, the person shall make the report to a
peace officer. The peace officer shall immediately take action to protect the child and shall, at the earliest
opportunity, notify the nearest office of the department.
- (d) This section does not require a religious healing practitioner to report as neglect of a child the failure to provide
medical attention to the child if the child is provided treatment solely by spiritual means through prayer in
accordance with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination by an accredited practitioner
of the church or denomination.
- (e) The department shall immediately notify the nearest law enforcement agency if the department
- (1) concludes that the harm was caused by a person who is not responsible for the child's welfare;
- (2) is unable to determine
- (A) who caused the harm to the child; or
- (B) whether the person who is believed to have caused the harm has responsibility for the child's welfare; or
- (3) concludes that the report involves
- (A) possible criminal conduct under AS 11.41.410
- 11.41.458; or
- (B) abuse or neglect that results in the need for medical treatment of the child.
- (f) If a law enforcement agency determines that a child has been abused or neglected and that (1) the harm was caused by a
teacher or other person employed by the school or school district in which the child is enrolled as a student, (2) the
harm occurred during an activity sponsored by the school or school district in which the child is enrolled as a
student, or (3) the harm occurred on the premises of the school in which the child is enrolled as a student or on the
premises of a school within the district in which the child is enrolled as a student, the law enforcement agency shall
notify the chief administrative officer of the school or district in which the child is enrolled immediately after the
agency determines that a child has been abused or neglected under the circumstances set out in this section, except
that if the person about whom the report has been made is the chief administrative officer or a member of the chief
administrative officer's immediate family, the law enforcement agency shall notify the commissioner of education and
early development that the child has been abused or neglected under the circumstances set out in this section. The
notification must set out the factual basis for the law enforcement agency's determination. If the notification
involves a person in the teaching profession, as defined in AS 14.20.370
, the law enforcement agency shall send a copy of the notification to the Professional Teaching Practices Commission.
- (g) A person required to report child abuse or neglect under (a) of this section who makes the report to the person's job
supervisor or to another individual working for the entity that employs the person is not relieved of the obligation to
make the report to the department as required under (a) of this section.
- (h) This section does not require a person required to report child abuse or neglect under (a)(6) of this section to
report mental injury to a child as a result of exposure to domestic violence so long as the person has reasonable cause
to believe that the child is in safe and appropriate care and not presently in danger of mental injury as a result of
exposure to domestic violence.
- (i) This section does not require a person required to report child abuse or neglect under (a)(7) of this section to
report the resumption of use of an intoxicant as described in AS 47.10.011
(10) so long as the person does not have reasonable cause to suspect that a child has suffered harm as a result of the
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