- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 45. Trade and Commerce
- Chapter 4. Bank Deposits and Collections
- Section 214. Right of Charge Back or Refund; Liability of Collecting Bank; Return of Item.
previous: Section 213
. Medium and Time of Settlement By Bank.
next: Section 215
. Final Payment of Item By Payor Bank; When Provisional Debits and Credits Become Final; When Certain Credits Become Available For Withdrawal.
AS 45.04.214. Right of Charge Back or Refund; Liability of Collecting Bank; Return of Item.
- (a) If a collecting bank has made provisional settlement with its customer for an item and fails, by reason of dishonor,
suspension of payments by a bank, or otherwise, to receive a settlement for the item that is or becomes final, the bank
may revoke the settlement given by it, charge back the amount of a credit given for the item to its customer's account,
or obtain refund from its customer, whether or not it is able to return the items, if by its midnight deadline or
within a longer reasonable time after it learns the facts it returns the item or sends notification of the facts. If
the return or notice is delayed beyond the bank's midnight deadline or a longer reasonable time after it learns the
facts, the bank may revoke the settlement, charge back the credit, or obtain refund from its customer, but it is liable
for any loss resulting from the delay. These rights to revoke, charge back, and obtain refund terminate if and when a
settlement for the item received by the bank is or becomes final.
- (b) A collecting bank returns an item when it is sent or delivered to the bank's customer or transferor or according to
- (c) A depositary bank that is also the payor may charge back the amount of an item to its customer's account or obtain
refund in accordance with AS 45.04.301
, the section governing return of an item received by a payor bank for credit on its books.
- (d) The right to charge back is not affected by
- (1) previous use of a credit given for the item; or
- (2) failure by a bank to exercise ordinary care with respect to the item, but a bank so failing remains liable.
- (e) A failure to charge back or claim refund does not affect other rights of the bank against the customer or another
- (f) If credit is given in dollars as the equivalent of the value of an item payable in foreign money, the dollar amount of
a charge back or refund must be calculated on the basis of the bank offered spot rate for the foreign money prevailing
on the day when the person entitled to the charge back or refund learns that it will not receive payment in ordinary
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