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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 18. Health, Safety, and Housing
- Chapter 15. Disease Control and Threats to Public Health
- Section 420. Testing Without Consent.
previous: Section 410
. Consent For Testing; Court Order For Testing; Exception.
next: Section 440
. Confidentiality; Penalties For Unauthorized Disclosure; Immunity.
AS 18.15.420. Testing Without Consent.
- (a) When a public safety officer has made a request under AS 18.15.400
, the employing agency shall file a petition in the superior court for a court order requiring the adult or juvenile offender or
prisoner to provide a blood sample for testing for bloodborne pathogens. The employing agency shall serve the petition on the adult or
juvenile offender or prisoner at least 48 hours before a hearing on the petition. The petition must include the following information
supported by affidavit:
- (1) a statement that the employing agency followed the procedures in AS 18.15.400 - 18.15.450 and attempted to obtain bloodborne pathogens
test results according to those sections;
- (2) a statement that
- (A) the public safety officer and employing agency have documented the officer's exposure to blood or body fluids during
performance of the officer's work duties;
- (B) the employing agency has asked the adult or juvenile offender or prisoner to consent under AS 18.15.410, and the adult or juvenile offender or prisoner does not consent;
- (C) the employing agency has provided the public safety officer and the adult or juvenile offender or prisoner with
the disclosures required under AS 18.15.400
- (D) the employing agency has informed the public safety officer of the confidentiality requirements of AS 18.15.440
and the penalties for unauthorized release of adult or juvenile offender or prisoner information;
- (3) a statement that a physician licensed under AS 08 and knowledgeable about
the most current recommendations of the United States Public Health Service has determined that a significant exposure
has occurred to the public safety officer; and
- (4) a statement that a physician has documented that the public safety officer has provided a blood sample and consented to
testing for bloodborne pathogens, and bloodborne pathogens test results are needed for beginning, continuing,
modifying, or discontinuing medical treatment for the public safety officer.
- (b) A court shall order an adult or juvenile offender or a prisoner to provide a blood sample for bloodborne pathogen testing
if the court finds that
- (1) there is probable cause to believe that a significant exposure to the public safety officer from the adult or juvenile
offender or prisoner has occurred;
- (2) a licensed physician for the public safety officer needs the test results for beginning, continuing, modifying, or
discontinuing medical treatment for the public safety officer; or
- (3) a compelling need for the testing and test results exists; in making this finding, the court shall consider the need
for the test against the privacy or other interests of the adult or juvenile offender or prisoner.
- (c) The court may impose appropriate safeguards against unauthorized disclosure by specifically identifying the persons to
have access to the test results and the uses of the test results when ordering a test under (b) of this section.
- (d) After testing is completed under this section, the employing agency shall inform the adult or juvenile
offender or prisoner whose blood was tested of the results. The employing agency shall inform the public safety officer's physician of
the adult or juvenile offender's or prisoner's test results without the adult or juvenile offender's or prisoner's name or other uniquely
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