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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 11. Criminal Law
- Chapter 81. General Provisions
- Section 430. Justification: Use of Force, Special Relationships.
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AS 11.81.430. Justification: Use of Force, Special Relationships.
- (a) The use of force upon another person that would otherwise constitute an offense is justified under any of the
- (1) When and to the extent reasonably necessary and appropriate to promote the welfare of the child or incompetent person,
a parent, guardian, or other person entrusted with the care and supervision of a child under 18 years of age or an
incompetent person may use reasonable and appropriate nondeadly force upon that child or incompetent person.
- (2) When and to the extent reasonably necessary and appropriate to maintain order and when the use of force is consistent
with the welfare of the students, a teacher may, if authorized by school regulations and the principal of the school,
use reasonable and appropriate nondeadly force upon a student. If authorized by school regulations and the principal of
the school, a teacher may use nondeadly force under this paragraph in any situation in which the teacher is responsible
for the supervision of students. A teacher employed by a school board, including a regional educational attendance
area school board, may use nondeadly force under this paragraph only if the school regulations authorizing the use of
force have been adopted by the school board.
- (3) When and to the extent reasonably necessary and appropriate to maintain order, a person responsible for the
maintenance of order in a common carrier of passengers, or a person acting under that person's direction, may use
reasonable and appropriate nondeadly force.
- (4) When and to the extent reasonably necessary to prevent a suicide, a person who reasonably believes that another is
imminently about to commit suicide may use reasonable and appropriate nondeadly force upon that person.
- (5) A licensed physician, licensed mobile intensive care paramedic, or registered nurse; or a person acting under the
direction of a licensed physician, licensed mobile intensive care paramedic, or registered nurse; or any person who
renders emergency care at the scene of an emergency, may use reasonable and appropriate nondeadly force for the purpose
of administering a recognized and lawful form of treatment that is reasonably adapted to promoting the physical or
mental health of the patient if
- (A) the treatment is administered with the consent of the patient or, if the patient is a child under 18 years of age or
an incompetent person, with the consent of the parent, guardian, or other person entrusted with care and supervision of
the child or incompetent person; or
- (B) the treatment is administered in an emergency if the person administering the treatment reasonably believes that no
one competent to consent can be consulted under the circumstances and that a reasonable person, wishing to safeguard
the welfare of the patient, would consent.
- (b) A person who raises a defense under (a)(1) of this section and claims that the person upon whom force was used was an
incompetent person has the burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that, at the time force was used,
the person upon whom the force was used was an incompetent person.
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