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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 5. Amusements and Sports
- Chapter 45. Ski Liability, Safety, and Responsibility
- Section 200. Definitions.
previous: Section 120
. Use of Liability Releases.
next: Section 210
. Short Title.
AS 05.45.200. Definitions.
In this chapter,
- (1) "base area lift" means a tramway that skiers ordinarily use without first using some other tramway;
- (2) "conditions of ordinary visibility" means daylight or, where applicable, nighttime, in nonprecipitating weather;
- (3) "inherent danger and risk of skiing" means a danger or condition that is an integral part of the sport of skiing,
including changing weather conditions; snow conditions as they exist or may change, including ice, hard pack, powder,
packed powder, wind pack, corn, crust, slush, cut-up snow, and machine-made snow; surface or subsurface conditions
including bare spots, forest growth, rocks, stumps, streams, streambeds, and trees, or other natural objects, and
collisions with natural objects; impact with lift towers, signs, posts, fences or enclosures, hydrants, water pipes,
other man-made structures, and their components; variations in steepness or terrain, whether natural or as a result of
slope design, snowmaking or grooming operations, including roads and catwalks or other terrain modifications; collision
with other skiers; and the failure of skiers to ski within their own abilities; the term "inherent danger and risk of
skiing" does not include the negligence of a ski area operator under AS 05.45.020
, or acts or omissions of a ski area operator involving the use or operation of ski lifts;
- (4) "injury" means property damage, personal injury, or death;
- (5) "passenger" means a person who is lawfully using a tramway;
- (6) "ski area" means all downhill ski slopes or trails and other places under the control of a downhill ski area operator;
"ski area" does not include a cross-country ski trail;
- (7) "ski area operator" means a person having operational responsibility for a downhill ski area, and includes an agency
of the state or a political subdivision of the state;
- (8) "skier" means an individual using a downhill ski area for the purpose of
- (A) skiing;
- (B) sliding downhill on snow or ice on skis, a toboggan, a sled, a tube, a ski-bob, a snowboard, or another skiing or
sliding device; or
- (C) using any of the facilities of a ski area, including ski slopes and trails;
- (9) "ski slopes or trails" means those areas designated by a ski area operator to be used by a skier;
- (10) "tramway" means a device that is a passenger tramway, aerial or surface lift, ski lift, or rope tow regulated under AS
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