Alaska Statutes.
Title 27. Mining
Chapter 19. Reclamation
Section 100. Definitions.
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AS 27.19.100. Definitions.

In this chapter,

(1) "lode mine" means a mining operation that removes the minerals from consolidated rock rather than from a placer deposit;

(2) "materials" means sand, gravel, riprap, rock, limestone, slate, peat, and other substances from the ground that are not locatable or leasable under state law;

(3) "mined area"

(A) means an active site of physical extraction, stockpiling, or the disposal of ore, overburden, tailings, or processed materials, stream diversions, bypasses, and settling ponds;

(B) does not include reclaimed areas approved by the commissioner;

(4) "miner" means the owner, operator, or leaseholder of a mining operation;

(5) "mining operation"

(A) means each function, work, facility, and activity in connection with the development, extraction, and processing of

(i) a locatable or leasable mineral deposit except oil, gas, or coal;

(ii) other materials or of a sand and gravel deposit; and

(iii) each use reasonably incident to the development, extraction, and processing of a locatable or leasable mineral deposit or materials;

(B) includes the construction of facilities, roads, transmission lines, pipelines, and other support facilities;

(6) "reclamation plan" means a plan submitted by a miner under regulations adopted by the commissioner for the reclamation of a proposed mining operation;

(7) "stable condition" means the rehabilitation, where feasible, of the physical environment of the site to a condition that allows for the reestablishment of renewable resources on the site within a reasonable period of time by natural processes.

(8) "state land" includes

(A) the land of the University of Alaska;

(B) the land of state corporations;

(9) "unnecessary and undue degradation"

(A) means surface disturbance greater than would normally result when an activity is being accomplished by a prudent operator in usual, customary, and proficient operations of similar character and considering site specific conditions;

(B) includes the failure to initiate and complete reasonable reclamation under the reclamation standard of AS 27.19.020 or an approved reclamation plan under AS 27.19.030 (a).

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